Tuesday, October 14, 2014

Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day & Foliage Follow-Up: October 2014 Garden - Autumn Blooms!

As the daily temperatures drop into the 60's with nighttime temperatures in the 50's and a sudden briskness in the air it is time for a walk in my Long Island October garden for this month's Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day and Foliage Follow-up.  There are still many reminders of summer visible in the garden as the changes of fall slowly creep in causing the landscape to burst into an array of color which I have enjoyed photographing. Come along with me and take a stroll in my October garden.  
Echinacea 'Cheyenne Spirit' with Canon Telephoto Lens
During the more brisk days of fall the sky is often a surreal deep blue which acts like a canvas behind the colors of the blooms that are still around.  Here Echinacea 'Cheyenne Spirit' is proving to be one of my favorite additions to the garden this summer as it is still blooming in October.
Echinacea PowWow ® 'Wild Berry'
Echinacea PowWow ® 'Wild Berry', also a new addition this summer has been providing lots of enjoyment.  I am hoping both these varieties fair well over the winter for I have really become attached to their profuse blooms.
Monarch Butterfly October Garden
This beautiful Monarch Butterfly has landed on my lantana just in time for bloom day.  I have seen a real decline in butterflies this season, probably the least number of visits in a long time and have been missing them.  It is such a delight to enjoy the beauty of this one as he has made an appearance in my gardens.
Knock Out Rose 'Double Red'
Here are my reliable Double Red Knock Out Roses as they are still very much in bloom.  I love how they profusely bloom all the way into winter and continue to have buds even as the first snow arrives.
Bumble bee on Nepeta Bloom
The bumble bee population is up again and has been doing fine this season. They have been frequenting the nectar of the blooms all summer long...
Bumble bee on Sedum 'Brilliant' Bloom
and are in their glory enjoying the fall blooming nepeta and sedum.
Hemerocallis 'Stella D Oro' Daylily October

The Stella D Oro daylilies are showing the last of their blooms for 2014.  I had rejuvenated them back in early August and have been enjoying their extended season.
Crape Myrtle 'Sioux' Bloom
After blooming for three months my Crape Myrtle 'Sioux' has one lone bloom on it that held out just for Bloom Day so you could see it here as the rest of the landscape leads into fall with a whole new look.
October Perennial Border

  Shades of oranges and gold now grace the garden as the perennial border by the back  patio goes into fall mode.
Viburnum 'Summer Snowflake'

Viburnum 'Summer Snowflake' is showing its delicate second round of blooms for the month of October...
Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica)

and the colorful seed cones are now very prominent on the Blue Atlas Cedar.
Front Driveway Garden-Coral Bark Maple behind Oriental Spruce 'Skylands'

The fall foliage on the Coral Bark Maple is changing from pale green to hues of orange and golden-yellow.  Soon the bark will be turning a bright coral-red as the name of the tree implies.   Plumes from grasses nearby sway gently in the breeze and you may notice remaining hints of yellow and purple-blue from Coreopsis 'Zagreb'  and Nepeta 'Walkers Low' against the maroon of Barberry 'Royal Burgundy' to the left.
Maiden Grass 'Yaku Jima'

The larger plumes on the 'Yaku Jima' Maiden Grass make a much bigger statement in the backyard...
Nandina domestica (Heavenly Bamboo)

as dainty white flowers on the Nandina turn into berries that will appear in the upcoming months.
Hydrangea 'Tardivia'

The panicle hydrangea along the side yard continues its show as its elongated white blooms start to transform into shades of pale pink with the arrival of cooling temperatures.  There is also still a faint fragrance that can be noticed as you pass by.
Front Meandering Walkway and Garden 

There is change in the gardens along the walkway as well as the variegated liriope's purple blooms turn into tiny black berries and the foliage is very full.  There is also a hint of October orange from the Caramel Heuchera up ahead.
Miscanthus 'Yaku Jima'  (Dwarf Maiden Grass) and Sedum 'Brilliant' Combination

The plumes of the Maiden Grass remind me somewhat of a horse's mane as it cascades over the sedum below it, making for an interesting fall foliage combination.
Norway Spruce (Picea abies) Cones with Canon Telephoto Lens

In the distance cones are forming on the Norway spruce signaling fall is here.
October Garden-Echinacea Digital Art
I hope you enjoyed the walk through my October garden. Please visit our hostesses Carol at May Dreams Gardens for Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day and Pam at Digging for Foliage Follow-Up.   I am also linking up with Creative Country Mom's Home Sweet Garden PartyToday's Flowers, Floral Fridays and Mosaic Monday at Lavender Cottage. Thank you so much for visiting and if you leave a note I will know you dropped by to say hello and I will be sure to visit you as well! 

As Always...Happy Gardening!


Author: Lee@A Guide To Northeastern Gardening, Copyright 2014. All rights reserved




Wednesday, October 8, 2014

October Garden Chores - 10 Helpful Tips

October Garden Chores
Autumn has arrived in the northeast and there are several important chores to get accomplished in the garden before winter arrives and to give your landscape a good start for next spring. Here is a to-do list to help get your started.  These tips apply to USDA zone 7 but can be useful for other gardening zones as well.

(1)  Remove those weeds!  There is nothing more annoying than starting up a new gardening season and being inundated with weeds.  Removing weeds now in the fall will rid their seeds so they won’t be able to multiply over the winter season. Dandelions have long tap roots that can be difficult to remove, but I have found the perfect tool! This garden weeder to the left effortlessly removes the entire root.  It also works well with those nasty clover that have been widespread this season. Being proactive now will save time later.

(2)  Plant Spring Bulbs & Wildflowers: Now is the time to plant those spring flowering bulbs and wildflowers!   Some popular bulbs planted in the month of October are Tulips, Daffodils, Crocus, Allium and Hyacinths. Some northeastern wildflowers include Rudbeckia, Coneflower, Cornflower and Poppies.  For self-sowing perennials, biennials and annuals leave the seed heads on existing plants so they can drop to the ground and re-seed for next spring.

(3)  Tree & Shrub Protection: Remove any diseased or dead branches from trees and shrubs to prevent winter damage.  Also remove water sprouts and sucker growth. 

(4) Insect Control: Now is the time to apply dormant oil onto trees and shrubs for winter protection from insects.  Insects such as scale and aphids lay their eggs in September which overwinter causing early infestations in spring.  Dormant oil is prepared to be safe for beneficial insects, birds, mammals and humans and smothers out harmful insect larvae before they hatch. Certain plants are sensitive to dormant oil so be sure to read all specifications carefully.

(5)  Clean Up Garden Beds: Remove infected leaves from perennials and herbaceous shrubs. Faded peony, roses, hosta, daylily and coneflower leaves are very susceptible to fungal infections and powdery mildew.  Once the foliage has died back for the season cut it completely back to the ground and make sure the ground is clean around the plant.  Cover with a fine layer of mulch after clean-up to protect the roots and dispose of the infected leaves into the trash, not the compost pile.

(6)  Prune Perennials:  Prune certain perennials to a couple of inches above the ground once they are done blooming for the season. Perennials that benefit from winter pruning include salvia, coreopsis, sedum, gaillardia, nepeta and daylily.  Liriope is somewhat sensitive to cold and can be pruned half way but not all the way down.  Some perennials are very cold sensitive such as Heuchera (coral bells), astilbe, liatris, lavender, perovskia (russian sage) and lupine are best to be left until early spring.

(7)  Clean up Leaves: At the end of the month remove leaves from the lawn and garden. Leaves left over winter can harbor fungal disease and damage your lawn or perennials.  Either add your leaves to a compost area or shred them.  A fine layer of shredded leaves can add valuable organic matter to your garden and can be used as mulch protection for your plants.

(8) Dig Up Tender Bulbs: Dig up tender bulbs such as gladiolus, canna lily and dahlias that do not survive the winter at the end of the month (before frost) and store them in a cool dry place such as a crawl space or garage in either a paper bag or in a container of vermiculite.

(9) Mulch Garden Beds:  Check and apply mulch to your gardens around perennials and shrubs in areas where the temperatures fall below freezing for long periods of time. The mulch serves as insulation for the plants and provides some important protection during winter freezes and thaws and also helps to prevent moisture loss.

(10) Continue Watering: Continue to water evergreens, trees and shrubs until freeze warnings (end of October-beginning of November). It is important that prior to winter that there is significant moisture around your plants before the ground freezes in order to ensure their health. Evergreens are especially prone to desiccation and winter burn caused by drying winds and lack of moisture during the cold season.

Have you started your fall garden chores?  I hope you find the above October gardening tips to be helpful.

As Always...Happy Gardening!


Author: Lee@A Guide To Northeastern Gardening, Copyright 2014. All rights reserved



Thursday, October 2, 2014

Fall-planted Flowers for Extra Splendor

Planting Bulbs and Wildflowers
Fall is an excellent time for planning the spring garden. I hope you enjoy this guest post and find the information to be useful! 

The first and most important step to having a beautiful garden full of flowers is their planting. If you do not properly plant the seeds and then perform the required care it is very unlikely that the flowers will grow as beautiful as you want them, if they grow at all. That is why it is very important to follow certain rules when planting your flowers, especially if you are not an expert in this field. Most people underestimate the fall, but it’s the perfect time to plant many wildflowers, long-lived flowers and flowers’ seeds. The following tips are aimed at helping you to plant the flowers you want during the fall so they will delight you with their beautiful blooms and scent next season.

The first step is to define whether your flowers are annual or perennial as the two types of flowers require different types of maintenance. For example annual flowers such as forget-me-not and violets can grow only from seeds while perennial flowers can grow either from planting seeds, bulbs or cuttings from the stable, the roots and even from the leaves of another, already grown flower of the same kind. And flowers that cannot form seeds for some reason can be planted only in a vegetative way.  

Purple Crocus
Planting bulbs
Plant your bulbs early enough (late September-October) or before the first frost. Don’t forget that the winter is coming and your bulbs need time to grow roots before the temperature falls. When planting your bulbs it is better to use a garden spade as the bulbs look their best when planted in groups. Lesser the space-bigger the effect!  Bulbs grow best in a well-drained organic soil and the best depth for planting is two and a half times the bulb’s height. While planting, mix some fertilizer (bone meal or super phosphate) in the soil around and under the bulbs and water. Maintain light watering to keep the soil moist but do not over water. Daffodils, crocus, hyacinths, allium and tulips are good examples of fall-planted bulbs.

Coreopsis
Wildflowers
Autumn is the time when Mother Nature plants, so it’s the best period to sow your seeds. Take your time and choose a sunny spot. You need to ensure that the growing season is over so plant your wildflowers around the same time you would plant bulbs. Any type of soil is suitable for planting (except a completely sterile one) and it helps to plant your wildflower garden near a water resource. Clean the chosen area from roots, grass and other plants. You need to choose the right wildflowers for your garden. Pay attention to the fact that most of them are annuals and “self-sowing”; for example: cornflowers, poppies and cosmos. If you want perennial wildflowers, you will have plants that will come back every year and can last for decades. Daisies, coreopsis and purple coneflowers are good examples of perennial wildflowers.

How to sow your seeds?
The seeds should be spread on bare soil. To achieve a more natural look, you can leave a little grass. The best way to plant wildflowers is to mix the seeds with clean white sand (the type that is used in children's sandboxes) and distribute evenly onto the soil. You should remember not to cover the seeds. You only need to press them into the bare soil, which can be achieved by walking on it or using a roller for larger spaces. Once your seed is “squashed” into the ground, your work is finished. Birds may arrive and start eating the seeds but don’t worry. They won’t ruin your project.

And do not forget – if you are hesitant about about a certain kind of flower you can always visit the local flower shop or simply search online.

Bio: Christine is a professional blogger who is engaged in organizing her household and raising her 2 kids. She has extensive experience in writing about different matters related to home maintenance. Currently she is sharing useful garden care and maintenance tips.



Wednesday, September 24, 2014

Early Fall at Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park - Long Island

I recently had the pleasure of an early fall visit to Planting Fields Arboretum in late September.  Planting Fields Arboretum is a Gold Coast Era Estate located on the North Shore of Long Island.  First built in 1904 by prominent New Yorker James Bryne, Planting Fields was purchased as a spring country home by William Robertson Coe and his wife Mary "Mai" Huttleston Coe in 1913.  After Mai's death in 1924, Mr Coe remarried and remained in residence with his wife Caroline Graham Slaughter and his four children until his death in 1955.  At that time the property was deeded to the State of New York and Caroline remained in the Manor House until her death in 1960. Planting Fields now exists as a historical landmark.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Japanese Pagoda Tree

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Grounds

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Grounds
As you enter the 409 acre park a vast great lawn with majestic trees is within view.  Hues of golds and oranges are appearing early this year as it is just turning to fall.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Grounds

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Coe Hall

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Coe Hall
The main residence Coe Hall is a 65 room Tudor-Revival Style mansion developed by Walker & Gillette replacing an earlier Queen Anne Style house that burned in 1918.  An outdoor living area was created by the terraces and arches seen here that lead to the Italian Garden nearby.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Coe Hall

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Coe Hall (View from Back Lawn)

European Beech Tree (Fagus sylvatica)  Approximately 100 years old
Many mature Beech Trees exist at Planting Fields Arboretum.  For a little bit of history...In 1915 two gigantic beeches from Fairhaven Massachussetts, the childhood home of Mary “Mai” Huttleston Coe, were ferried across the Long Island Sound to Planting Fields.  Only one of the trees possessing a 30 foot wide root ball survived the journey and  lived until 2006.  The legend of the tree lives on today as seedlings were collected from the "Fairhaven Beech" from 2000-2005 and a new tree was started in the back lawn of the mansion.
Paul Callahan Memorial Dahlia Garden Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park
The Dahlia Garden planted in the spring of 1998 is known to be one of the largest and most spectacular dahlia collections in the Northeast consisting of 400 plants. The Mid Island Dahlia Society's members donate nearly 2000 hours a year maintaining these magnificent gardens. The Dahlia Garden is in bloom from August through October and is one of the highlights of the estate.
Paul Callahan Memorial Dahlia Garden Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

Paul Callahan Memorial Dahlia Garden Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

Paul Callahan Memorial Dahlia Garden Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

Paul Callahan Memorial Dahlia Garden Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

Paul Callahan Memorial Dahlia Garden Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park
Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar Arch Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park
This magnificent living arbor leading to the greenhouse is formed by just four Weeping Blue Atlas Cedars at approximately twenty feet apart cascading over a supporting frame. These majestic Cedars are just some of the many mature specimen trees at Planting Fields.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Lantana Tree

 Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Main Greenhouse
There are several greenhouses on the estate property.  The large central Main Greenhouse constructed between the years of 1914-1929 is my favorite harboring a variety of tropical plants.   Seen here are numerous species of tropical plants including bromeliads, anthurium, palm trees, croton, and hanging planters as the one pictured below displaying the most magnificent Staghorn fern I have ever seen.
 Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Main Greenhouse

 Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Main Greenhouse Staghorn Fern

  Italian Blue Pool Garden at Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

The Italian Blue Pool Garden was originally the site of a tennis house and court that was transformed into a Tea House in 1915 and surrounding perennial gardens in 1918. Seen from the mansion, a rectangular pool with fountains bordered by raised planting walls and English country style gardens form a beautiful display.  It was known to be one of Mrs. Coe's favorite areas on the property.
  Italian Blue Pool Garden at Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

Perennial Garden at Planting Fields Arboretum-Goldenrod and Perennial Sunflower (Helianthus) Seed Pods
The vine covered arches and perennial gardens of Planting Fields are one of my favorite areas to visit.  At this time of year (late September) combinations of daisies, sunflowers, goldenrod and asters are at their prime displaying a mixture of yellow, white and purple blooms throughout the garden.  
Perennial Garden at Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park (September)

September Perennial Garden at Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

September Perennial Garden at Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park Coe Hall Lower Garden Path & Sitting Area
There are also many serene and tucked away sitting areas like the one shown here at the back area of the mansion...perhaps a quiet retreat.   Leaving the park, majestic trees tower overhead in the serene setting and another visit is complete.
Horsechestnut Tree at Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park is a beautiful place to visit anytime of year as the gardens change with each season for a constant breathtaking display.  For more on visits to Planting Fields visit my other posts at Planting Fields Arboretum July and Planting Fields Arboretum August.

As Always...Happy Gardening and Happy Fall!


Author: Lee@A Guide To Northeastern Gardening, Copyright 2014. All rights reserved



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