Friday, May 29, 2015

Design of a Long Island Native Garden Part II

Long Island Native Planting 

Two years ago I was given the opportunity to design a Long Island native planting and was delighted to be back to design the other side of the property this past summer of 2014.  As mentioned previously in part I of this post I do enjoy a good challenge and this was yet another fulfilling experience.  As in the first round I was determined to create a native garden that was environmentally sound and aesthetically pleasing.  As you may know...this is not an easy task when it comes to planning natives.

Long Island Native Planting Before

The grounds started off as a heavily wooded area with an existing asphalt roadway leading from a back gate to a bridge that gave access to the other parts of the property.  The area was densely blanketed with heavy foliage mainly including non-native trees (some expired), numerous vines and weeds.  In addition to a native planting, the non-environmentally sound asphalt driveway needed to be removed and replaced with a permeable paver walkway that was environmentally friendly.
Long Island Native Planting After (with Permeable Paver Walkway and Planting)

After a full day of demolition and removal of asphalt and debris, the area was graded and the permeable walkway was constructed leading a path through the gardens to be.  This was the start of my design becoming a reality followed by a new fence and the plantings which were on the way.  Come stroll along and view a series of before and after photos of the gardens as they are transformed into what they are today.
Long Island Native Planting Before
Long Island Native Garden After with Permeable Paver Walkway and Planting

Long Island Native Planting and Walkway Before

Long Island Native Planting After with Permeable Paver Walkway and Planting

Long Island Native Planting After with Permeable Paver Walkway and Planting
Here are some of the plantings that were used in the garden.   I used a combination of shade tolerant native evergreens, flowering shrubs and perennials to achieve a garden that would provide interest throughout all seasons and serve the function of providing an inviting pathway from one entrance of the property to the next. Below are some descriptions of each selection.
American Holly Ilex opaca (Native Holly)

Hardy in zones 5-9, American Holly is a native evergreen to the eastern United States.  It prefers to be grown in partial to full shade and matures to a height of 15-30 feet tall by 10-20 feet wide but can be maintained at a smaller size.  Inconspicuous greenish-white flowers appear in spring followed by red berries which ripen in fall and persist throughout the winter and are enjoyed by wildlife.
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red Cedar)

Eastern Red Cedar is a hardy coniferous evergreen native to the northeast.   It is hardy in zones 6-9 and prefers to be grown in full sun to partial shade.  Juniperus virginiana grows to a mature size of 15-25 feet tall by 6-10 feet wide in a columnar habit.  Foliage is a desirable feathery blue-green and the plant makes an attractive screening in the landscape. 

Ilex glabra (Inkberry)

Inkberry is a hardy mid-sized evergreen shrub with glossy green leaves hardy in zones 4-9.  It prefers to be grown in full sun to partial shade and reaches a mature height and width of 4-6 feet. Small white flowers in spring are followed by black berries in fall.  This plant is known to be tolerant of a variety of conditions.

Kalmia latifolia (Mountain Laurel)

Mountain Laurel is an excellent shrub for shady areas and is hardy in zones 4-9. It is noted for its leathery glossy evergreen leaves that are dark green above and yellow green beneath along with attractive pale pink blooms in spring.  Hardy in zones 4-9, Mountain Laurel prefers partial to full shade and grows to a mature height and width of 3-10 feet.

 Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum (Native Viburnum)

Viburnum denatum is native to the eastern United States and hardy in zones 3-8. It is a useful medium-sized to large deciduous shrub that is tolerable of many growing conditions and soil types.   Flattened clusters of creamy white blooms appear in late spring into early summer and when planted in groupings with other viburnum cultivars flowers develop into blue-black berries that attract birds.   In fall, foliage turns to shades of yellow, burgundy or purple-red for additional interest.  Arrowood Viburnum grows to a height and width of 6-10 feet and prefers to be grown in full sun to part shade.
Eupatorium dubium Little Joe (Dwarf Joe Pye Weed)

Joe Pye Weed. also known as White Snakeroot or Mist Flower is a native perennial displaying enormous umbrella-like rosy-purple blooms in mid-summer throughout early fall.   Hardy in zones 4-9, Eupatorium grows in full sun to full shade to 36-42 inches tall and 30-36 inches wide and will tolerate moist soil.  The variety 'Little Joe' is the first compact form of this plant.
Solidago sphacelata Golden Fleece (Goldenrod)

 Solidago (Goldenrod) is known for its desirable and outstanding display of golden-yellow blooms appearing in late summer into early fall.  Hardy in zones 4-9, Goldenrod prefers to be grown in full sun to part shade and displays an attractive clumping compact habit growing to 18-24 inches in height and width.  Solidago should not to be confused with the common allergen ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)!
 Iris versicolor (Blue Wild Iris)

Hardy in zones 4-8, Wild Iris (Iris versicolor) is a marginal aquatic plant that forms clumps of sword shaped, blue-green leaves with stalks of violet blue blooms in late spring throughout early summer. Wild Iris grows to a height of 30-42 inches tall and 30-36 inches wide and prefers full sun to part shade.

Whereas the first native planting was mostly in full sun this one had its own challenges in that is was in a woodland shaded area.  Having done massive research for the first project it was easier to select the plantings for this one and I was pleased with the results as was the homeowner.  If you are planning a native garden the moral of the story once again environmentally sound garden can also be aesthetically pleasing!

As Always...Happy Gardening!

Author: Lee@A Guide To Northeastern Gardening,© Copyright 2015. All rights reserved.

Friday, May 15, 2015

Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day & Foliage Follow-Up May 2015 - All the Colors of Spring

May 2015 Garden
Spring took its time arriving this year with cooler than normal temperatures all the way through April. Then the month of May arrived with a warming trend that rapidly turned into a premature summer.  With temperatures rising into the 80's for a few days, an explosion of intense color suddenly made its way throughout the garden.  Now the hotter temperatures have settled into a more normal spring-like pattern with upper 60 to mid 70 degree days, but the heat was just enough to get everything back on track and all the blooms seem to be arriving at once!  Come along for a walk with me in my Long Island garden.
Ajuga, Heuchera (Coral Bells) 'Caramel' and Sedum 'Brilliant'
Azalea Girard's Fuchsia
Azalea Girard's Crimson
Salvia 'May Night'  First May Bloom
Pool Garden with New Globemaster Allium Buds

Allium Globemaster Bud (First season in my garden)
Ajuga 'Burgundy Glow'
Hellebore 'Shooting Star' still showing blooms in May
Wisteria in May
Weeping Japanese Maple 'Red Select'
Blue Globe Spruce (Picea pungens  Montgomery Globusa)
Weeping Norway Spruce and Heuchera 'Palace Purple'
Hakonechloa macra 'Aureola' (Japanese Forest Grass)
Spirea Double Play 'Big Bang' May Foliage
Perennial Border with Allium 'Mont Blanc', Daylily, Lambs Ear, Astilbe, Salvia and Hosta
Itoh Peony 'Bartzella' May Foliage (second season in garden)
Hosta 'Minuteman' May
Sedum 'Brilliant' May Foliage next to Mugo Pine
May Garden Foliage

Thank you to Carol at May Dreams Gardens who makes it possible for us to have blooms on the 15th of every month with her meme Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day and Pam at Digging for hosting Foliage Follow-Up.  I am also linking with some other wonderful hosts and hostesses at Tuesday Garden PartyToday's FlowersFloral FridaysMosaic Monday at Lavender Cottage, I Heart MacroMacro Monday 2, and Nature Notes at Rambling Woods.  I hope you enjoyed the visit to my May garden.  If you leave a note I will know you dropped by, and will be sure to visit you as well. 

 As Always...Happy Gardening!

Author: Lee@A Guide to Northeastern Gardening, © Copyright 2015. All rights reserved

Monday, May 4, 2015

A Beautiful Day on the New York City High Line

New York City High Line Park Early May 

It was a beautiful Saturday afternoon on the High Line in NYC. The High Line (also known as the High Line Park is a 1.45-mile-long (2.33 km) New York City linear park built on a historic freight rail line elevated above the streets of Manhattan's West side. The park runs from Gansevoort Street (three blocks below 14th Street) in the Meat Packing District through to the northern edge of the West Side Yard 34th Street near the Javits Center.
The NYC High Line in Early May

Tulips (Tulipa turkestanica)
The Park, owned by the City of New York, is maintained and operated by Friends of the High Line which was founded in 1999 by a community of residents.  Friends of the High Line fought for the High Line’s preservation and transformation at a time when the historic structure was under the threat of demolition. 

High Line RR Tracks and Gardens
Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) in Bloom
The refurbishing of the railway into an urban park began construction in 2006, with the first phase opening in 2009 and the second phase opening in 2011.The third and final phase officially opened to the public in September of 2014. A once abandoned railroad track has now become an array of blooms for residents and visitors to enjoy.
'Sherwood Purple' creeping phlox Early May High Line Gardens

New York City High Line Park
The High Line was constructed back in 1847 when street-level railroads utilized to transport goods to businesses and warehouses were deemed unsafe due to increased traffic demands.  The city and state of New York and the New York Central Railroad decided to construct the elevated High Line as part of the Manhattan West Side Improvement Project. 
Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles speciosa ‘Toyo-Nishiki’) NYC High Line
Tulipa linifolia ‘Red Hunter’ Early May High Line

Artwork Along the High Line

The High Line has been developed with various works of public art and the native greenery incorporated into the long forgotten tracks has preserved the history of the area, leading to a beautiful and dynamic park. The New York City skyline as well as the Hudson River can be seen as a backdrop to the gardens.
Fothergilla x intermedia ‘Mount Airy’ (Mount Airy fothergilla)

Tulipa sylvestris  (Wild Tulips) High Line

Allegheny Serviceberry Blooms on the High Line Early May

View of Hudson River from High Line

Cornus florida ‘Jean’s Appalachian Snow’ Dogwood in Bloom

NYC High Line Park
The High Line gardens are a welcomed addition and have certainly added a certain charm by combining urban atmosphere with the beauty of nature, right in the heart of New York City.  The park's carefully planned display of native plantings, mature trees, blooms and artwork has developed into an extraordinary public space for visitors of all ages to enjoy.  To walk the High Line takes approximately two hours and as of September 2014, the park gets nearly 5 million visitors annually.

Visit the High Line on-line!

As Always...Happy Gardening!

Author: Lee@A Guide To Northeastern Gardening, ©Copyright 2015. All rights reserved