Wednesday, December 1, 2021

Autumn at Bayard Cutting Arboretum State Park

Bayard Cutting Arboretum

Welcome to the Bayard Cutting Arboretum State Park, located in Great River, on the south shore of Long Island, New York. This 691 acre state park was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted for William Bayard Cutting in 1886, and offers a wide range of interest from the Great Lawn to the Conifer Garden, Holly Walk, Oak Park, Royce Rhododendron Garden, Four Season Garden, Old and New Pinetums, Breezy Island and the River Walk that winds along the Connetquot River waterway. The parks 13 distinct plant collections continue to grow as new gardens are donated annually.
Common Sage

The gardens hold their beauty all year long, and autumn is the perfect time to explore the grounds as nature puts on a bountiful show. As you enter the park by the mansion, the first plant that will catch your eye is the vibrancy of this common sage along with dried flower heads of Hydrangea and Allium, along with the evergreen foliage of Mugo Pine.
Arboretum Autumn View

Continue further for a stroll along the winding woodland trail for a spectacular view.
Salix babylonic (Weeping Willow)
This Weeping Willow with its changing foliage is almost magical as it grows along the wetland area of the arboretum. 
Pink Mushy Grass
Also along the woodland trail is this Pink Mushy Grass, which is always an eye catcher with its airy pinkish-red plumes! Muhlenbergia capillaris 'Lenca' (Pink Mushy Grass) is hardy in USDA zones 6-9 and thrives in either full to partial sun.
Woodland Garden Walk

Here is another view of the woodland trail with its winding bluestone path and seasonal color.
Callicarpa (American Beautyberry)

This beauty is Callicarpa or American Beautyberry, hardy in USDA zones 5-8. Callicarpa displays beautiful arching branches with lusters of pale lavender-pink flowers in summer, followed by masses of glossy amethyst berries in fall. Callicarpa refers full fun to partial shade and a moderately moist soil.
Ilex verticillata 'Winter Bounty'  (Winter Bounty Holly)
One of my favorite areas of the arboretum is the Holly Walk with more than 100 varieties of holly. This Winter Bounty Holly, hardy in USDA zones 6-8, produces an enormous display of dark red berries which make a spectacular show during late fall and winter. This shrub grows to a mature size of 14-20 feet high by 6-10 feet wide, and prefers a location with partial or dappled shade and a well-drained soil.
Ilex verticillata, (Winterberry)

Ilex verticillata, commonly known as winterberry, is a species of holly that is native to the northeast, that loses its leaves in autumn to display its bright red berries. Hardy in USDA zones 3-9, Winterberry prefers a location with partial sun.
River Walk-Breezy Island
Following along the Connectquot River is a bridge which leads to Breezy Island, where marsh grasses and perhaps some island wildlife, such as osprey can be seen.
River Walk-Breezy Island

The view is quite scenic and relaxing.
Sarracenia (Pitchers Plant or Trumpet Pitchers)
This interesting Pitcher Plant is from the genus Sarracenia, which consists of 15 different varieties of native perennials scattered across North America. Most are hardy in zones 6-8 and thrive best in boggy conditions.
Bridge Crossing
The changing autumn leaves at this time of year are simply beautiful along the bridge leading from the woodland trail.
Mountain Hydrangea Autumn
This hydrangea is still showing off its blooms while the others have already dried out for the fall.
Oakleaf Hydrangea Autumn
Oakleaf  Hydrangea produces bountiful white blooms, but also puts on a wonderful show with its brilliant burgundy foliage before the leaves drop.
 Scotch Heather-Caluna vulgaris 'Boskoop'
Here is Scotch Heather. It is hardy in USDA zones 5-7, prefers full sun to partial shade and grows to a mature size of approximately 1.5 feet high by wide. It bears pale mauve flowers in mid-summer along with bronze-yellow foliage that deepens in autumn. 
Perennial Walk (Four Season Garden)
Another one of my favorite areas of the arboretum is the perennial walk, also known as the Four Season Garden. At this time of year, Asters and Chrysanthemum are the highlight. 
Ajania pacifica (Pacific Chrysanthemum)
I love this variety of  Chrysanthemum  (Ajania pacifica) with its variegated foliage and bright yellow blooms that last well into autumn. Ajania pacifica is hardy in USDA zones 5-9, grows to 1-2 feet, and prefers a location with full sun to part shade.
These colorful Asters are a wonderful fall addition to the Four Season walk. These perennials are generally hardy in USDA zones 3-8 and prefer full sun to partial shade. I love the interest they supply while complemented by hydrangea, ornamental grasses, astilbe and  variegated yucca.

Betula Jacquemonti (White-barked Himalayan Birch)

Here is White-barked Himalayan Birch along the Woodland Trail. It is hardy in USDA zones 4-7 and known for its beautiful peeling bark. I especially enjoy its character in the fall.
Old Pinetum: Horse Chestnut
Along the Old Pinetum trail is this Horse Chestnut, which is an eye-catcher during the autumn months!
Dwarf Conifer Garden
Back around towards the Manor House is the Dwarf Conifer Garden, hosting an array of beautiful conifers from around the world, including numerous varieties of Chamaecyparis (Hinoki Cypress), Lawson’s Cypress, spruce, cedar, juniper and pine. Among the conifers are hydrangea, heather and various perennials mixed in, providing all season interest.
Pinetum Extension-American Sycamore
American Sycamore shows off its beautiful bark...
Native Woodland
while the fall season offers an array of color!
Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) Farm

An important aspect of the arboretum is this three acre Community Sponsored Agriculture Farm, which was established in 2012. A portion of the land to the right is now used for growing herbs and vegetables, which can be purchased by members. There are also egg-laying chickens, which are a hybrid cross between a White Rock female and a Rhode Island Red male.  
Cornell Cooperative Extension Farm 
This attractive trellis adds some character to the spot.
Manor House

Back around to the front entrance, this 68 room mansion was designed by architect Charles C. Haight, and built for William Bayard Cutting in 1886 as a country home. Mrs. Cutting specified that the arboretum should “serve as an oasis of beauty and quiet… a source of pleasure, rest, and refreshment.” I hope you found your visit to be just that.
Arboretum Map and Park Information

Bayard Cutting Arboretum, Long Island

I hope you enjoyed This Month in the Garden as we toured the Bayard Cutting Arboretum. Be sure to stop by on the 1st. and 15th. of each month as I continue to share gardening tips, information and horticultural adventures! (Linking up with: Floral FridaysMacro Monday 2Ruby Tuesday and Image-in-ing Weekly Photo Link-Up.)

Monday, November 15, 2021

Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day & Foliage Follow-Up: The Colors of Autumn & Garden Views!

Welcome!-November Long Island Garden (zone 7a)
Welcome to my northeastern, Long Island garden! Autumn is a wonderful time of year, as the daytime temperatures moderate into the 50's and 60's, and with a few rainfalls and morning frosts, the landscape is transitioning into an array of autumn colors. Follow along with me to see what both the garden and nature have to offer!
Long Island Garden Views
The first stop is along the driveway entry, as Coral Bark Maple 'Sangu Kaku' displays its fall colors against the blue of evergreen Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar and golden hue of 'Skylands' Spruce. I do look forward to this color combo every autumn!
Autumn Garden Views!
At another glance, the evergreen foliage of Pinus strobus ‘Pendula’ (Weeping White Pine) along the walkway adds another dimension of color and texture. This is the time of year when the "bones" of the garden become even more prominent.
Coral Bark Maple 'Sangu Kaku'
The foliage of Coral Bark Maple is making quite a display this year with a combination of rain earlier and then a cold snap over a few days. As winter approaches, and the colder and snowier it gets, the newer branches of this tree will become a fiery coral-red. Stay tuned!
Autumn Garden
Also along the walkway is Weeping Eastern Redbud 'Lavender Twist' with its large heart-shaped foliage, which is now going into fall mode. This tree is now in its second year in the front garden.
Weeping Eastern Redbud 'Lavender Twist'
Here is the Redbud up close. The foliage turns from green to hues of yellow and pink, depending on the temperatures. Springtime will bring its lavender blooms along the branches before foliage emerges.
Geastrum triplex Jungh (Collared Earthstar)
In the front garden bed is this interesting find that popped up after all the rain. These fungi remind me of Hershey Kiss topped cookies! After some research, I found their identity. They are known as Geastrum triplex Jungh or Collard Earthstar, an inedible fungi that develops in woodland areas.
Sedum Autumn Mode
Back to the surrounding garden, the flower heads of Sedum 'Brilliant' are turning to a vibrant pinkish-purple hue against the foliage of Mugo Pine…
Fallen Leaves and Autumn's Splender!
And it just wouldn't be autumn without including some fallen leaves!
Hemerocallis (Daylily) 'Stella D Oro' Autumn
I use a pruning technique to get the the flowers of Hemerocallis 'Stella D Oro' to keep on coming right through November. This is the last of the blooms from just a few days ago before the storm that came through and the foliage of the entire plant turned yellow, but I just had to share!
Welcoming Committee
Hosta 'Golden Tiara', which is in front of the “welcoming committee” by the back walkway shows its changing foliage as the month of November progresses.
Platycodon Autumn View
Also along the walkway are the last of the blooms of Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon Flower). The blue contrasts nicely against the changing foliage.
Black Mondo Grass
Along the back patio, garden gal continues to show her Black Mondo Grass, which stays evergreen all year...
Knock Out Roses Still Blooming in November!
and Double Knock Out Rose continues its blooms!
Color in the Poolside Garden
Here is the changing foliage of Spirea 'Limemound' against Weeping Japanese Maple. There is a more vibrant contrast this time of year.
Hydrangea 'Limelight Prime' Fall Color
New to the garden this summer is a new variety of hydrangea, 'Limelight Prime'. The blooms have changed from lime green to white to hues of deep pink as the temperatures cool, and I am enjoying the transition!
Pinus strobus ‘Pendula’ (Weeping White Pine)
Now…along to the southeastern side of the property.
Seed Cone of Weeping White Pine
Weeping White Pine is a tree I enjoy all year round, but in autumn the seed cones become even more noticeable. This mature tree resides by the back pool garden and provides much enjoyment.
Back Island Bed Autumn
On the back garden island bed, the foliage of Crape Myrtle ‘Sioux’ is changing to a vibrant burgundy, with Blue Globe Montgomery Spruce in the foreground along the walkway. Flowering Purple Plum (backdrop) and Hinoki Cypress ‘Compacta’ can also be viewed towards the right.
Perennial Border in November
One of my favorite foliage combinations in autumn is that of Lamb’s Ear against the orangey-brown foliage of Astilbe. I just love the contrast!
More November Views-Dwarf Maiden Grass
Here is Dwarf Maiden Grass ‘Yaku Jima’. This variety stays compact and reaches just four to five feet tall with its delicate and wispy plumes this time of year
St. John's Wort Fall Interest
I added this St. John’s wort last year mostly for its fall interest. It’s bright yellow blooms which last from June into September are followed by bright red fruit, which look attractive even when they dry out in autumn.
St. John's Wort Dried Fruit
Here is a close up view of the fruit.
A Little Garden Whimsy
I always enjoy a little garden whimsy and have had this rotating copper sphere for years. As it ages, it gains some extra character and could probably use a little oil, but I like the sound it makes while spinning in the wind!
Weeping Japanese Maple Autumn View
As we approach the end of this months tour, the changing seasons are evident on this Weeping Japanese Maple in the front portion of the property. It certainly has been a colorful fall display.
Happy Autumn! 
As another gardening season starts to wind down, I dream of what is to come, and those of you who know me are aware that I live my life by this well known quote, “Anyone who thinks gardening starts in the spring and ends in the fall is missing the best part of the whole year; for gardening begins in January with a dream.” ~ Josephine Neuse
Thanks for Visiting!
I hope you enjoyed your visit to my November garden and as always, I look forward to your comments and seeing what's growing in your neck of the woods! Special thanks go out to our hostess Carol at May Dreams Gardens, who makes it possible to see blooms on the 15th of every month with her meme Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day. Also, special thanks to Pam Penick at Digging who has hosted Foliage Follow-Up for all these years, a meme I will still continue to honor. I am also linking with some other wonderful hosts and hostesses at Floral Friday FotosMacro Monday 2, Mosaic Monday at Letting Go of the Bay Leaf, Nature Notes at Rambling WoodsImage-in-ing weekly photo share every Tuesday with NC Sue and Gardens Galore Link Up Party every other Monday with Everyday Living. I am also happy to join the Weekly Photo Link-Up at My Corner of the World on Wednesdays and Garden Affair at Jaipur Garden


I was invited to teach a garden coaching class at Farmingdale State College on November 23rd. and am looking forward to sharing my experiences as a designer/consultant with their horticultural students! I am also happy to see the return of monthly GardenComm zoom meetings, which originated due to the pandemic, with a new event called 'Better Together', which connects all the different regions for monthly meet-ups.

For article updates twice a month on the 1st and 15th, follow A Guide to Northeastern Gardening. There is a new subscription service at the top right side of this page.

Click on Me!
Lastly, if you enjoy gardening, want to learn more about garden design and maintenance, or are needing a gift for the gardener in your life, check out my books. To learn more and purchase, visit My Author Page. I have written four books to pass along my knowledge and experiences as a landscape designer and gardener, which I have been all my life! They are A Guide to Northeastern Gardening: Journeys of a Garden Designer Zones 3-9Landscape Design CombinationsDream, Garden, Grow!-Musings of a Lifetime Gardener and my latest Gardening by Month: A Monthly Guide to Planning the Northeastern & Mid-Atlantic Garden. I am hoping you, or a friend, will find them to be inspiring!

Until next time, be well, enjoy the holiday season and “As Always...Happy Gardening”! 😊

Author: Lee @A Guide to Northeastern Gardening,© Copyright 2010-2021. All rights reserved.


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