Friday, June 1, 2018

This Month in the Garden: Ten Perennials For Your Garden That Deer Will Avoid

Deer Resistant Perennials
Over the years as a garden designer, I frequently meet with clients who have an ongoing issue with deer foraging their gardens. The deer population has been escalating and I have heard stories of new homeowners landscaping their entire property with beautiful blooms only to find that all their hard work was destroyed, and sadly within the first week of planting. While no plant is completely deer resistant, there are species that are avoided by our four-legged friends due to their taste, texture or aroma. If you are looking for interest to add to your landscape that will supply years of enjoyment, and not be foraged by deer, here are a few suggestions.
Coreopsis ‘Zagreb’(Tickseed)
The first is Coreopsis or 'Tickseed', which is known for its delicate yellow or pink daisy-like flowers on lacy foliage, that bloom from early summer into fall. Coreopsis is hardy in USDA zones 4-8, prefers to be grown in full sun in a well-drained soil, and is drought tolerant once established. Coreopsis is available in several varieties ranging in flower size and colors ranging from yellow to pink, and reddish-orange to the newly hybridized yellow-orange bloom. I have found the ‘Zagreb’ variety (photo above) to be an excellent “deer resistant” bloom that produces a full array of repeat blooms for many years in the garden.
Nepeta ‘Walkers Low’ (Catmint)
Nepeta is a member of the mint family and is known for its distinctive gray-green aromatic foliage that is an attraction to cats when crushed. Nepeta displays soft lavender-blue blooms which are produced in early summer and continue through fall, giving a long-lasting display of color. The perennial is available in a variety of heights ranging from the smaller 18-24-inch tall 'Little Titch' to the taller 2-3-foot tall 'Mussinii'. Nepeta is hardy in USDA zones 4-9 and prefers to be grown in full sun to partial shade in a well-drained soil. Little care is required once this plant is established.
Salvia ‘May Night’ (Perennial Sage)
Salvia or sage thrives best in USDA zones 4-8, is "deer resistant" and blooms throughout the summer with regular dead-heading. There are many varieties of sage to choose from, ranging in height from the 10-12- inch tall Salvia ‘Marcus’ to the 20-30-inch tall ‘Caradonna’ variety. Species vary in color from the white (Salvia nemerosa ‘Snow Hill”) to rose-pink (Salvia nemerosa ‘Sensation Rose’) to the more popular purple varieties (such as Salvia nermerosa ‘April Night’, ‘May Night’ or ‘Caradonna’). A very popular plant in the garden, Salvia is also an attraction to butterflies.
Peony ‘Karl Rosenfeld’
Peony displays large mildly fragrant blooms in late spring to mid-summer. Peony are hardy in USDA zones 2-8, prefer full sun to partial shade and like their roots protected. Peony are available in a wide range of colors including light pink, rose pink, white and yellow. Plants vary in stature depending on the variety, but generally range in height between 2-3 feet. These beautiful late spring/early summer-blooming beauties are an asset to any garden and blooms are followed by handsome foliage that lasts for the remainder of the gardening season.
Dwarf Fountain Grass ‘Hameln’

If you enjoy having ornamental grasses in your garden, they are also "deer resistant". There are many varieties of grasses in varying heights to choose from including the well-known Fountain Grasses Pennisetum Alopecuroides 'Hameln' (2-3 feet) or 'Little Bunny'(1-2 feet) as well as the Maiden Grasses Miscanthus Sinensis 'Gracillimus' (5-8‘) or 'Morning Light' (4-5’) among others. Ornamental grasses are generally hardy to USDA zones 5-9 and prefer full sun and a well-drained soil. They will add grace and movement to your landscape and are well suited to a variety of garden styles.
Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow' (Bugleweed)
Ajuga (Bugleweed) is a groundcover perennial hardy in USDA zones 3-10 that displays bluish-purple blooms in early spring on 4-6-inch tall plants. Ajuga thrives in partial to full shade and serves well as a massed planting under trees or in perennial borders. Foliage remains evergreen in winter and takes on a rich bronze-burgundy tone to provide constant interest.
Hakonechloa macra ‘Aureola’ (Japanese Forest Grass)

Hakonechloa, or Japanese Forest Grass, is a grass-like perennial hardy in USDA hardiness zones 4-9 that prefers partial sun to shade and a moderately most soil. Wispy golden-green low arching stems cascade gracefully on an 18-inch tall and wide plant to add a dramatic look to the garden. This plant adds beautiful interest to the landscape when cascaded over a wall, as seen above.
Allium ‘Globemaster’

Allium (Ornamental onion) is an easy to grow bulb which has become increasingly popular in gardens over the past few years. Allium produces globe-shaped purple, white or pink blooms in late spring/early summer on tall stately stalks. Allium is hardy in USDA zones 4-9 and is best grown in full sun in a well-drained soil. Bulbs are best planted in fall (September-November) the season before you want them to flower. If you have an issue with deer or rodents, Alliums are an excellent addition, since they are looked upon as distasteful to the palate.
French Lavender

Lavender is a well-known aromatic herb used over the centuries as a perfume and herbal remedy. It is hardy in USDA zones 5-9 and requires full sun and a well-drained, moderately dry soil. Lavender displays bluish-purple blooms on 24-30-inch grey-green foliage in mid-summer to early fall and is deer resistant as well as drought tolerant once established. Lavender also is known to attract butterflies. Different species of lavender vary in cold hardiness,  so choose accordingly for your zone.
Stachys (Lamb’s Ear)

Stachys (Lamb’s Ear) is hardy in USDA zones 4-9 and displays silvery-white “wooly” leaves with a velvety feel. Tall stalks appear in summer with pinkish-pink blooms that last into fall. Lamb’s Ear prefers to be grown in full sun to partial shade in a moderately moist soil. The interesting foliage of Stachys remains throughout the winter and serves nicely as a border plant in a perennial garden.

This selection of perennials that can be utilized to create a colorful cottage garden or perennial border that is undesirable to deer. More structural elements to complement these plants could include, but are not limited to, Spirea, Butterfly Bush, Boxwood, Crape Myrtle and certain species of holly and cedar. Generally, the more aromatic and coarse the foliage, the more undesirable the plant will be to foragers. Remember, deer can be unpredictable creatures and your situation may vary, but these selections should get you started in the right direction for a successful and beautiful garden.

For more information on "deer resistant" plantings and use of these ornamental plants in landscape design, see my books,  A Guide to Northeastern Gardening and Landscape Design Combinations, or visit my author page.

~As Always...Happy Gardening!~

Author: Lee@A Guide to Northeastern Gardening, © Copyright 2018. All rights reserved

10 comments:

  1. These are excellent choices even if you don't have deer problems. I have never had luck growing lavender. I am not sure what is the problem. I get a wild hair ever year or so and try another place in the garden and as yet haven't found the sweet spot.

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    1. Hi Lisa. Lavender can be tough. I have learned that there are all different cultivars and some are stronger than others. I finally found one that survived the brutal winter we just had.

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  2. Lee - great suggestions; I had already done some research on deer-resistant perennials for my area, but this adds to my list. Thank you! (and thanks for your recent visit to my blog.)

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    1. Love your blog Angie! I only wish I had more time to visit more often. Happy Gardening!

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  3. Excellent ideas and most timely. I've also been researching rabbit resistant plants today, another of my pressing problems. It's interesting to see how many plants, like ajuga, peonies and lavender, appear on both lists. I will have a garden yet!

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    1. Yes...there is hope! Many of the deer resistant plants are also rabbit resistant!

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  4. I'm patting myself on the back because I have all of the plants you suggest, Lee. Oh, except the salvia -- I don't like the smell, so I removed them. It was funny that I looked up from reading your post and saw my husband chasing a deer from my garden! P. x

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    1. Wow...now that's a timely post. How ironic is that a deer was in your garden. I am finding that they are becoming more and more bold and not afraid at all. They will come right up to the front of a property and perhaps join you for dinner LOL!

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  5. Thanks for information, Lee. I didn't know about 'deer resistant' plants. Fortunately there are no deer in St. Petersburg suburbs.
    Have a nice new week!

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    1. You are fortunate Nadezda to not have to worry about deer foraging your plants. They are beautiful animals, but have become more of a nuisance here on Long Island in the past few years.

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Thank you for visiting. I love reading your comments and knowing you have been here, and will try to reciprocate on your blog. If you have any questions I will try my very best to answer them. As always...HAPPY GARDENING!

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